The factions and armed groups supported by Turkey continue to use torture against suspects and detainees who are in its prisons or are being held pending investigation and in random raids, including children, who are often placed in solitary confinement, a method that is mainly used to extract confessions or to pressure Their relatives asked for a financial ransom of up to $ 50,000, according to a confirmed person who had been fortunate and managed to escape after a month in detention.
Hassan Ahmed Al-Ahmad, 26, from Tal Hajib village, east of the city of Kobani, in Aleppo countryside, northern Syria, was arrested by the “Levant Front” faction in the city of Azaz on his return from Turkey through the Bab Al-Salama crossing on December 5, 2018.
Hassan confirms that he was arrested at the crossing because he was born in the city of Kobani, and that he entered Azaz coming from Turkey in a regular way, and possesses all the documents issued by the official authorities in Turkey, and adds, “I was arrested, I was tortured, and I was photographed several times, and I sent videos to my family … … claiming $ 50,000 in ransom for release, or the knife will be slaughtered in front of the camera. ”
Hassan managed to escape, taking advantage of the entry of the faction members who had detained him in a clash with another faction, and within days he was able to reach the city of Manbij, and from there to his home in the city of Kobani.
A crime without accountability
The Violations Documentation Center in Northern Syria documents in a statement issued about the reality of prisons in the areas of northern Syria subject to Turkey, the killing of 68 people under torture in prisons and detention centers of the factions and armed groups supported by Turkey; northern Syria, and revealed that these factions arrested at least (6001) Since March 2018, 709 people have been tortured.
The report comes amid the center documenting more cases of torture in prisons, despite the difficulty of accessing information, and obtaining details related to this matter as a result of the Turkish authorities closing the areas they occupied in northern Syria to the media, and before local and international human rights organizations, which gives the factions more It is of strength and confidence to carry out the torture of detainees in prisons without observing the basic rules that guarantee the detainees’ rights. Arbitrary detention as a serious violation, and “deprivation of liberty” without legal basis. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in its ninth article, states the following: “No person may be arbitrarily arrested, detained, or exiled.” It also states in its tenth article: “Every human being, on an equal basis with others, has the right to have his case examined by an independent and impartial court, given a fair and public view, to adjudicate his rights and obligations and any criminal charge against him.”
In Afrin, the fate of about 2350 detainees out of 5576 detainees is still unknown, where they are assumed to be either dead or still in detention. Moreover, about 53 people have died “under torture”, while many die as a result of conditions considered miserable and some of them die after his release, while what can happen is described as “extermination”.
The kidnappings and murders of the Syrian regime have received much attention in the West, but the Syrian-backed Syrian opposition factions have detained many people as well, killing many of them under torture. The prison system appears to have become an integral part of the Turkish authorities’ efforts to achieve demographic change, which includes the displacement of the remainder of the population.
About 200-200 thousand (250 thousand) were displaced or abandoned from Afrin by taking many measures that their affiliated factions take, from seizing real estate, agricultural and commercial properties to arrests, kidnappings, killings, threats, extortion and rape. Such a number was also displaced from the cities of Tel Abyad and Ras Al-Ain, perhaps the international community’s silence about the war crimes it committed and continues to perpetrate armed groups backed by Turkey was an incentive for Turkey to launch its ground offensive to invade the eastern Euphrates region that was stable, safe and coexist.
Although Turkey is practicing a policy of silence and refuses to respond to the human rights reports that accuse its forces of committing war crimes in the Afrin region, some of the factions’ statements that support them already confirm violations, and they implicitly recognize the arrest and death of dozens while they are in detention, especially with the announcement of the arrest of members and chiefs Some security services and faction leaders and members on charges of torture, rape, corruption, etc. or come in response to some leaked reports, photos, and videos, include an admission that the incident is an “individual case” and that those involved will be punished, which is the punishment that does not take place… .and they say “we have committed this, and will not be hindered One of us built, within the methodology of “torture for the sake of torture, torture for revenge, killing, hatred, insulting individuals, and earning money …”
The detention system in the prisons of armed groups backed by Turkey in northern Syria is a copy of the system, which was built by former Syrian President Hafez al-Assad, and his son Bashar al-Assad. In 1982, the father Assad crushed an armed uprising of the Muslim Brotherhood in Hama, leveled a large part of the city on the ground, and tens of thousands of people were arrested, including the Islamists and leftist and Syrian opponents indiscriminately in response to the Muslim Brotherhood’s rebellion coveted in power.
Over two decades, about 17,000 detainees disappeared into the prisons of the regime, which is characterized by methods of torture borrowed from the French colonists and regional and Nazi dictators … When Bashar Al-Assad succeeded his father in the year 2000, the detention system was maintained and when intelligence agents defected from it, And leaders of his army and employees who turned to the ranks of the opposition, found there a system similar to the one they defected from, and in the same practices, as parallel security services were established such as the military police, the political and criminal security apparatus, intelligence, prisons, secret and multiple detention centers, etc., but rather these were the worst The fact that it does what it wants without supervision and is not afraid of punishment and continues to commit more violations, as each armed faction has its own security services, through which it controls villages and towns where it imposes whomever it pleases.

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