The closing statement of the International Conference on Northern and Eastern Syria / Rojava held in the European Parliament.
A two-day international conference on the northern and eastern Syria (Roger Ava) was held over two days in the European Parliament in the Belgian capital, Brussels, in the presence and participation of political figures and parliamentarians from various countries of the world, in addition to researchers, academics, lawmen and the media, and the final statement was issued later as follows:
The Kurdish Friendship Group in the European Parliament and representatives of the Autonomous Administration of Northern and Eastern Syria (Rojava) in Europe, the International Alliance for the Defense of Rights and Freedoms (AIDL), and the Green Union / European Union (Free Alliance) held in the European Parliament on December 11-12 an international conference Entitled “An International Conference on North and East Syria (Rojava): A Regional and Global Test of Credibility”.
The conference was held with the participation of members of the regulating bodies, as well as members of the European Parliament, politicians, international organizations and bodies, jurists, researchers, academics and the media.
The participants reviewed many files, and discussed many issues, related to northern and eastern Syria (Rojava), the most important of which was the Turkish invasion, led by jihadist groups funded and trained by the Turkish government. The Turkish government continues to use Syrian refugees as blackmail against European and international societies to divert attention from war crimes. The Turkish government continues to commit genocide, ethnic cleansing, and demographic change against the Kurdish, Christian, Syriac, and Arab populations in northern and eastern Syria (Rojava). These flagrant acts of aggression constitute violations of international law and principles of good-neighborliness and threaten international peace and security.
The aggression of the Turkish state and its jihadist proxies necessitated the establishment of this international conference, whose organizers are now calling on the European Union and the international community to interfere in northern and eastern Syria (Rojava) by taking a serious and resolute stance against Turkey’s reckless and illegal actions.
We have all heard the discussions that shed light on Turkey’s appalling record of human rights violations, international law and United Nations treaties. The following are violations of the relevant treaties committed by the Turkish government:
- The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, where the crime of genocide was committed against Kurds and Arabs in the Sri Kani and Afrin regions.
- The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, whereby all forms of racial discrimination are practiced against the aforementioned Kurds and various minorities.
- The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights regarding Kurdish groups and others in the areas they occupied in Syria.
- Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, International Humanitarian Law.
- Four Geneva Conventions on war and the protocols thereto.
6- International agreements related to banning some types of weapons (biological, incendiary, landmines, etc.), where white phosphorous was used illegally in Sri Kani and Afrin.
- The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, as the Turkish state and its allied jihadist groups have systematically targeted women in northern and eastern Syria (Rojava), such as the field execution of Kurdish politician Hevrin Khalaf and mutilation of her body.
- The Convention on the Rights of the Child, in which children are killed and slaughtered, such as the killing of 8 children as a result of the Turkish bombing of Tal Rifaat on December 3.
- The International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism. Turkey funded, trained, and supported extremist militias and jihadi organizations.
It is clear that the actions of the Turkish government amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity, and it can be said that it is genocide. These crimes against the Kurdish people and other components in northern and eastern Syria (Rojava) such as the Arabs, Syrians, and Christians require strong international condemnation.
Accordingly, the conference concluded with a set of important recommendations that will be followed up through the formation of a joint follow-up committee that reports to the European Parliament, other EU institutions and relevant international bodies. The recommendations are:
- Total condemnation of the Turkish aggression against northern and eastern Syria and its partial occupation (Rojava) through a firm position on the European Parliament and the United Nations, among others.
- The withdrawal of the Turkish army and its jihadist agents from all the areas they occupied in northern and eastern Syria (Rojava), including Afrin, Idlib, and others.
- Ensure the safe and dignified return of all displaced persons to their homes.
- Include all Turkish and jihadi proxies allied with them who participated in the invasion and the ensuing crimes on the international lists of terrorist organizations, and activate a monitoring and accountability mechanism to ensure justice.
- Establish a local court with international sponsorship in northern and eastern Syria (Rojava) to prosecute Turks, jihadists (including ISIS fighters) and any other individuals suspected of war crimes. This includes Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, as he is mainly responsible for all violations and crimes that have occurred.
- Inclusion of the Autonomous Administration of Northern and Eastern Syria (Rojava) in the UN-led Constitutional Commission charged with drafting a new constitution for Syria.
- Consider implementing the no-fly zone over northern and eastern Syria (Rojava).
- Recognition of the autonomy of northern and eastern Syria (Rojava) by international institutions such as the European Union and the United Nations as well as foreign countries.